Diabetes is when your blood sugar or glucose levels are higher than normal. It’s carbohydrate foods like breads, cereals, rice, pasta, fruits, milk, and desserts that can cause this rise,” says Maggie Powers, PhD, president-elect of Health Care & Education at the American Diabetes Association.
Your eating plan should focus on the amount and type of carbs you put on your plate throughout the day, Powers says.
Figuring out the best foods to eat when you have diabetes can be tough.
The main goal is to keep blood sugar levels well-controlled.
However, it’s also important to eat foods that help prevent diabetes complications like heart disease.
Here are the 10 best foods for diabetics
- Fatty fish
- Leafy green
- Chia Seed
- Greek Yogurt
- Nuts:-Almonds, Brazil Nuts,Pecans,Walnuts
- Extra-Virgin Olive Oil
4 Steps to Manage Your Diabetes for Life
step 1: Learn about diabetes.
What is diabetes?
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin. This is a problem because you need insulin to take the sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. You need to take insulin every day to live.
Type 2 diabetes – Your body does not make or use insulin well. You may need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Type 3:- Gestational (jest-TAY-shun-al) diabetes – Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after the baby is born. But even if it goes away, these women and their children have a greater chance of getting diabetes later in life.
Step 2: Know your diabetes ABCs.
Talk to your health care team about how to manage your A1C, Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. This can help lower your chances of having a heart attack, stroke, or other diabetes problems.
A for the A1C test (A-one-c):-The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over the past three months. It is different from the blood sugar checks you do each day.
B for Blood pressure:-Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the wall of your blood vessels.
C for Cholesterol:-
There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood: LDL and HDL.
LDL or “bad” cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or stroke.
HDL or “good” cholesterol helps remove the “bad” cholesterol from your blood vessels.
Step 3: Learn how to live with diabetes.
Cope with your diabetes.
Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listening to your favorite music.
1.Make a diabetes meal plan with help from your health care team.
2.Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.
3.Eat foods with more fiber, such as whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta.
4.Choose foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, bread and cereals, and low-fat or skim milk and cheese.
5.Drink water instead of juice and regular soda.
•Set a goal to be more active most days of the week. Start slow by taking 10 minute walks, 3 times a day.
•Twice a week, work to increase your muscle strength. Use stretch bands, do yoga, heavy gardening (digging and planting with tools), or try push-ups.
•Stay at or get to a healthy weight by using your meal plan and moving more.
•take medicine on time and regularly
Step 4: Get routine care to stay healthy.
See your health care team at least twice a year
At each visit, be sure you have a:
•blood pressure check
•review of your self-care plan
Two times each year, have an:
A1C test. It may be checked more often if it is over 7.
Once each year, be sure you have a:
•complete foot exam
•dental exam to check teeth and gums
•dilated eye exam to check for eye problems
•urine and a blood test to check for kidney problems
At least once in your lifetime, get a:
•pneumonia (nu-mo-nya) shot
•hepatitis B (HEP-uh-TY-tiss) shot
●Things to Remember:
▪You are the most important member of your health care team.
▪Follow the four steps in this booklet to help you learn to manage your diabetes.
▪Learn how to reach your diabetes ABC goals.
▪Ask your health care team for help.